Working in a highly stressful job may raise the risk for stroke, particularly for women, suggests an analysis of relevant research. Epidemiological studies have shown that high strain jobs are associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease.
Jobs were classified into 1 of 4 categories according to how much control workers had over their jobs and how hard they worked, or the psychological (but not physical) demands of the job, such as time pressure, mental load, and coordination burdens. They are:
The researchers found that people with high-strain jobs had a 22% higher risk for stroke than those with low-strain jobs. The risk with high-strain work was most pronounced for ischemic stroke. No other job strain types were associated with stroke risk.
The most important is that high-stress jobs may lead to more unhealthy behaviors, such as poor eating habits, smoking, and a lack of exercise. So it is of vital importance for subjects with high-stress occupations to address these lifestyle issues.